Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki (radi Allahu anhu) was born in 569 A.H. in a town called
"Aush" or Awash in Mawar-un-Nahar (Transoxania). Khwaja Qutbuddin's (radi Allahu anhu) original name was "Bakhtiyar" but his
title was "Qutbuddin". The name "Kaki" to his name was attributed to him by virtue of a miracle that emanated from him at
a later stage of his life in Delhi. He also belonged to the direct lineage of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi
wasallam), descending from Hazrat Imam Hussain (radi Allahu anhu). Hazrat Khwaja Bakhtiyar Khaki (radi Allahu anhu) was one
and half year old when his father passed away. His mother arranged for him very good education and training.
When Hazrat Khwaja Mu'inuddin Chishti (radi Allahu anhu) came to Isfahan, 40 days before his demise, he took
oath of allegiance on his hands and got Khilafat and Khirqah (dress of a religious mendicant) from him. Thus, he was the first
spiritual successor of Hazrat Khwaja Ghareeb-o-Nawaaz, Khwaja Mu'inuddin Chishti (radi Allahu anhu). Thereafter, his spiritual
master asked him to go to India and stay there. He said: I appoint him as my Sajjada Nashin at Delhi along with the sacred
relics of our Khwajgaan-e-Chist .
When Khwaja Qutbuddin (radi Allahu anhu) intended to kiss the feet of his Peer-o-Murshid (radi
Allahu anhu) and seek his permission to depart, Hazrat Khwaja Saheb (radi Allahu anhu) understood it and asked him to be nearer,
and when Khwaja Bakhtiyar (radi Allahu anhu) stepped up and fell at his Peer's feet, Khwaja Muoinuddin (radi Allahu anhu)
raised him up and embraced him affectionately. A Fateha was then recited and Khwaja Muoinuddin (radi Allahu anhu) advised
his mureed: Never turn your face from the right path of Sufism and Truth. Prove yourself to be a brave man in this Divine
Mission. When he again fell at the feet of KhwajaMuoinuddin (radi Allahu anhu) overwhelmed with love and grief at this tragic
hour of parting, he was again raised and embraced affectionately by his Peer-o-Murshid (radi Allahu anhu). Following this
order, he went to Delhi and stayed there. It was the period of Sultan Shamsuddin Iltutmish.
Hardly twenty days had passed when news was brought by a messenger that Hazrat Khwaja Ghareeb
Nawaaz (radi Allahu anhu) disappeared into the eternal Divine bliss of the Almighty Allah.
Hazrat Khwaja Bakhtiyar Kaki (radi Allahu anhu) used to offer 95 Rakaats of Salaah during the 24 hours of
day and night, along with 3 000 Durood Shareefs every night upon the soul of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
During the first 3 nights of his first marriage, he could not maintain the Durood Shareef. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu
alaihi wasallam) sent a visionary message to a pious person named Rais Ahmed, asking Hazrat Bakhtiyar Kaki (radi Allahu anhu)
the reasons for his not reciting the Durood Shareef. Hazrat Bakhtiyar Kaki (radi Allahu anhu) divorced his wife as a mark
of repentance and thereafter broke off all worldly ties and devoted his full time to the devotion of Almighty Allah and the
Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
It is narrated that in the early stages of his life, Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin (radi Allahu anhu)
would take a nap, but in the last part of his life he kept awake all the time. He had also committed the Quran to memory and
used to recite and finish it twice daily. Whenever anything came to his Khanqah, he quickly distributed these to the poor
and needy. If there were nothing, he would request his attendants and mureeds to distribute plain water as a humble token
of his hospitality.
Sheikh Nur Bux has written in his book entitled "Silsilatuz'zah": "Bakhtiyar Aushi was a great devotee,
mystic and friend of Allah. In private and public he was indulged in the remembrance of Allah. He was habituated to eat little,
sleep little and speak little. He was a towering personality in the world of mysticism."
He had no parallel in abandoning the world and suffering poverty and hunger. He kept himself
engrossed in the remembrance of Allah. Whenever someone came to him he would come back to his senses after a while and was
then able to talk with him. After a very brief exchange he would show his inability to continue any longer and slipped into
the same state of absorption once again.
Once Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin (radi Allahu anhu) was coming back with his relatives and disciples after offering
Eid Salaah that he, all on a sudden, halted at a place in silence. After a while his relatives submitted: "Today is the Eid
day. Many people would be awaiting his arrival. Having heard this Hazrat Khwaja (radi Allahu anhu) came out of his lost state
and uttered, From this piece of land I have the smell of the perfect men.
Thereafter, he came home and after the meal was over, he asked the people to call the owner
of the land to him. When the owner came to him, he purchased that piece of land from him. Later, Hazrat Bakhtiyar (radi Allahu
anhu) was buried in the same soil.
Death also came to him in an unusual manner. It is stated that once in an assembly of Sama (Qawwali) he happened
to hear a verse of Hazrat Ahmad Jam with the meaning: "Those who are killed with the dagger of surrender and pleasure get
a new life from the Unseen."
Hazrat Khwaja Bakhtiyar Kaki (radi Allahu anhu) was so much absorbed in and inspired with this
verse that from that day on he kept on reciting it in a state of unconsciousness and gave his life in the same state. He remained
in this state of Wajd for 3 consecutive days and expired on the 4th day. He passed away on the 14th of Rabi-ul-Awwal 633 A.H.
On account of his extra-ordinary death, Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki (radi Allahu anhu) is known as "Shaheed-e-Mohabbat"
or Martyr of Allah's Love.
The Mazaar Shareef of Hazrat Khwaja Qutbuddin Bakhityar Kaki (radi Allahu anhu) lies near Qutb
Minar at old Delhi.
He also enjoys the following titles in the Sufi world: Qutub-ul-Aqtaab, Malik-ul-Mashaaikh,
Rais-us-Saalikin, Siraj-ul-Awliya, etc.