Jerusalem (Arabic al-Quds) largest city in the West Bank , situated between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea . Jerusalem
is a holy city for the world's major religions: Islam, and Christianity . In 1948 Jerusalem was under Israel occupation (West
Jerusalem) , and Jordan controlled the other part of Jerusalem (East Jerusalem) including the Old City. In 1967 Israel occupied
East Jerusalem in the Six-Day War, Since then , both west and east Jerusalem has been under Israeli occupation.
of Interest Jerusalem's Old City is divided into Muslim, Armenian, Christian and Jewish sections and is enclosed by walls
with gates . The Christian section , in the northwest, contains the New Gate, shares the Jaffa Gate with the Armenian section
on the southwest, and the Damascus Gate with the Muslim section on the north. The Muslim section, in the northeastern portion
of the Old City , contains Herod's Gate, Saint Stephen's Gate, and the Golden Gate , east of which is located the Mount of
Olives and the garden of Gethsemane.
The Jewish section, occupying the southeastern portion, contains the Zion Gate
, south of which is Mount Zion was created in place of an Islamic area called Harat Al-Shurafa (or Harat al-Magarbah) after
the Israeli occupation in 1967 (all the houses and the building in Harat al-Magarbah were deomlished by Israeli forces and
new houses for Jeiwsh setllers were build). It also contains Dung Gate. Around the Old City is the New City, developed since
the middle of the 19th century. The population of Jerusalem (1990 estimate) is 524,500.
The Old City is sacred to Christians
as the site where Jesus Christ spent his last days on earth, and it is sacred to Muslims as the site of the ascent into heaven
of the Prophet Muhammad. Notable structures include the Christian Church of the Holy Sepulcher, built over the 4th-century
, the Muslim Dome of the Rock, built upon the site where Muhammad have ascended to heaven , the Mosque of Al Aqsa one of Islam's
most sacred shrines; and the Citadel, a 14th-century structure on the site of Herod's fortress.