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About Me

The human being is the only creature who has been distinguished from other creatures with the instinct of knowing right from wrong. He is, therefore, the only one who is expected to be the perfect image of his Creator. That is why the objective of his life is to know his Creator and become a perfect image of his attributes, as Allah says in the Holy Qur'an:
"I have not created jins and humans but, for my worship"

SALAT or the method of worship is the main media through which a human can establish a relationship with his Creator and it is one of the main doors which leads to his complete submission to Allah's will. 

Salat also prevents him from wrongdoings. Allah says:
"Surely prayer restrains one from indecency and manifest evil." Which shows that Salat or prayer is a guarantee from Allah that if a worshipper observes prayer with all its conditions, he will be safe from evils, manifest or hidden, small or great. The Holy Prophet (peace be on him) asked to the companions, "if one of you had a stream running by his door and he takes a bath in it five times a day, would any dirt be left on him?." They replied! "No dirt would be left on him". The Holy Prophet said: "This is the case with Salat (the five daily prayers) Allah makes the Salat wipe out his sins"
When we reflect on the creation of the universe and the law that governs it and the design and variety that pleases our eyes, we naturally are convinced of existence and greatness of Allah.

Allah says in the Holy Quran:
"In the creation of the heavens and the earth and in the alternation of the night and the day there are indeed signs for men of understanding;" Those who remember Allah while standing, sitting, and lying on their sides, and ponder over the creation of the heavens and the earth: "Our Lord, Thou hast not created this in vain; nay, Holy art Thou; save us, then, from the punishment of the Fire." (Aal-e-Imran, v19l-192)

This verse beautifully tells us that when a worshipper reflects upon the structure of the Universe he becomes overwhelmed with the greatness of its Creator. The ENTITY Who created such an awe-inspiring structure with such detailed arrangement and accuracy. He is alone to be worshipped and so right for protection.

There are five daily prayer services participation in which is obligatory. This may seem a little too much, but it is all a matter of comparative values. Those who realize the true value of prayer through experience are convinced that time spent in it is occupied much more beneficially than that spent in other pursuits.

There is no ordained priesthood in Islam. Every Muslim can be Imam (who leads congregational prayer) and can deliver a sermon. The members of the congregation may select, and for this purpose, they should choose one from among themselves who knows the Holy Quran better than the others. No vestment is prescribed for the Imam nor any special dress for the congregation. All that needed is the body and the head should be decently and cleanly covered.

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Obligatory  (Fard) Daily Salāt

It is obligatory (Fard) to perform the following five prayers during day and night:

  • Dawn prayer (Fajr) - 2 Rak'ats.
  • Midday prayer (Zuhr) - 4 Rak'ats.
  • Afternoon prayer ('Asr) - 4 Rak'ats.
  • Dusk prayer (Maghrib) - 3 Rak'ats.
  • Night prayer ('Isha) - 4 Rak'ats.
  • Friday prayer in place of Zuhr (Jumuah) - 2 Rak'ats.

Non-Obligatory (Sunnah) Daily Salāt 

Prophet Muhammad (SAW) prayed extra rak'ats in addition to Fard prayers.  These prayers are called Sunnah.  Prophet Muhammad (SAW) always prayed two rak'ats before the Fard of Fajr and three rak'ats after the Fard of Isha.  The three rak'ats after Isha are called Witr ("odd number")

Sunnah prayers are:

  • Fajr - 2 Rak'ats before Fard
  • Zuhr - 4 Rak'ats before Fard and 2 after
  • Asr - 4 Rak'ats before Fard
  • Maghrib - 2 Rak'ats after Fard
  • Isha - 4 Rak'at before Fard, 2 Rak'at after Fard and 3 Witr

Between Isha and Fajr, a prayer called Tahajjud was regularly offered by the Prophet.  It was obligatory for the Prophet.  Devout Muslims try to follow the practice.

Muslims also pray additional Rak'ats other than Fard and Sunnah.  These are called Nafillah (optional).

Importantly, here are times when Muslims must not pray which are:

  • From the beginning of sunrise until 15-20 minutes later.
  • When the sun is at its height (Zenith or Meridian).
  • From the beginning of sunset until it is fully set.

 

First Rak'at

Niyyat

Stand erect facing the qibla (The Ka'aba), and form the following intention in your mind:

"I offer, the _________ prayer (name of a particular prayer), of ______ rakats (number of rakats), wajib Qurbatan Ilallah, (seeking nearness to Allah, in obedience to Him").

Qayam

To stand erect facing the qibla (The Ka'aba) while saying Takbiratul Ehram, and to stand before the Ruku.





Takbiratul Ehram

Lift both hands up to the ears and say:

"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

To say Allahu Akbar in the beginning of every prayer is obligatory. It is also necessary that these two words should be pronounced in correct Arabic. If a person pronounces these words incorrectly, or utters their translation, it will not be valid. It is necessary that when a person pronounces Takbiratul Ehram, his body is steady, if he pronounces Takbiratul Ehram intentionally when his body is in motion, his Takbir is void.

Qira'at (Reciting the Surah Ul-Fatihah and Other Surah of Holy Qur'an)

In the the daily obligatory prayers, after the Takbiratul Ehram, one should recite Surah Ul-Fatihah

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil 'alamin
Arrahmanir Rahim
Maliki yaw middin
Iyyaka na'budu wa iyyaka nasta'in
Ihdinas siratal mustaqim
Siratal lazina an'amta 'alayhim
Ghayril maghzubi 'alayhim walazzallin.           



I commence with the Name of Allah - in Whom all excellences are combined and Who is free from all defects. The Compassionate - One Whose blessings are extensive and unlimited. The Merciful - One Whose blessings are inherent and eternal.

Praise be to Allah, the Sustainer of the creation.

The Compassionate, the Merciful.

Lord of the Day of Judgment.

You alone we worship, and to You alone we pray for help.

Guide us to the straight path.

The path of those whom You have favored - the Prophets and their successors.

Not of those who have incurred Your wrath, nor of those who have gone astray.

in the first and second Rak'ats, and thereafter one should, on the basis of precaution, recite one complete Surah (in this case Surah-Ikhlas).

Surah-Ikhlas

Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
Qul huwallahu Ahad
Allahus Samad
Lam yalid walam yulad
Walam yakullahu kufuwan ahad.           



I commence with the Name of Allah - in Whom all excellences are combined and Who is free from all defects. The Compassionate - One Whose blessings are extensive and unlimited. The Merciful - One Whose blessings are inherent and eternal.

Say: Allah is One - the Eternal Being.

Allah is He Who is independent of all beings.

He begot none, nor was He begotten.

And none in the creation is equal to Him.

Do Takbir and go to Ruku

"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

Ruku

In every Rak'at, a person offering prayers should, after reciting the Surahs (Qira'at), bow to an extent that he is able to rest his finger tips on his knees. This act is called Ruku.

The following zikr should be recited in the ruku once:

      
Subhana Rabbiyal 'Azimi wa bihamdih once.
(Free from all defects is my Lord, and with His praise I bow.)   or

Subhanallah three times. (Glory to Allah.)

After ruku stand up in Qayam and say:
   
Samey-Allaho Layman hamedah
Allah listens to one who praises Him

Say:

"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

Now go to Sajdah

Sajdah

Sajdah means that one should place one's forehead on earth in a special manner, with the intention of humility (before Allah).

While performing Sajdahs during prayers, it is obligatory that both the palms and the knees, and both the big toes are placed on the ground.

A person offering prayers should perform two Sajdahs after the Ruku, in each Rak'at of the obligatory.

The following zikr should be recited in the Sajdah once:
      
Subhana Rabbi yal A'la wa bihamdih once.
(Glory be to my Great Sustainer, Most High, and I praise Him.)
or Subhanallah three times. (Glory to Allah.)

After first Sajdah,

sit up in a kneeling position with the ankle of the right foot in the sole of the left foot, with hands resting on the thighs and say:

"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

followed by:
   

"Astaghfir-oolaha Rabbee wa Atoobo Ilaih"
(I ask Allah, my Lord, to cover up my sins and unto Him I turn repentant).

again followed by:

"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

Repeat the Sajdah again and then sit up in a kneeling position and say:

"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

Sit up for a moment and then rise while saying:
   
"Bay Hawlillahay wa Qoowateyhee Aqoomo wa Aqud"
(Due to the vigour given by Allah and because of the vitality from Him I rise and stand).

Second Rakat

Recite Surah Al-Hamd and Other Surah of Holy Qur'an as in the first rakat.
followed by:

"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).

Now do Qunoot

Qunoot

Keep your hands in front of your face, turning the palms facing the sky, and keeping both, the hands and the fingers, close together and recite the following:
      

Rabbana Aatayna Fiddoonya Hasasatawn wa fil Aakheratey Hasanatawn wa Qena Azabzn Nar
(O our Lord! Bestow upon us good in this world and good in the Hereafter, and protect us from the torment of the fire)

Go back to Ruku,

recite the zikr, stand up momentarily and then do the two sajdah's (just as in the first rakat)

Tashahhud
After the second Sajdah recite the following:
   

"Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wahdahu la sharika lah, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan 'Abduhu wa Rasuluh Alla humma salli 'ala Muhammadin wa Ali Muhammad"
(I testify that there is none worth worshipping except the Almighty Allah, Who is One and has no partner, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger. O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny)

If you are doing the Dawn prayers (Fajr):-

( For Dawn prayers (Fajr) Only:

Recite the Salaam as follows:
   
Assalamu 'alayka ayyuhan Nabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh
(O Prophet! Allah's peace, blessings and grace be upon you!).

Assalamu 'alayna wa 'ala 'ibadil lahis salihin
(Allah's peace be on us, those offering prayers - and upon all pious servants of Allah).

Assalamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
(Allah's peace, blessings and grace be on you believers!)

Thereafter

say (below) three times and that completes your Salāt:

"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great). )

If you are doing the Midday (Zuhr), Afternoon prayers ('Asr) or Night ('Isha), ignore the above section (in red)

and then stand up for the third rakat.

Third Rakat

Tasbihat Arba'ah

Recite Tasbihat Arba'ah three times, as follows:
   
"Subhanallahi wal hamdu lillahi wa la ilaha lallahu wallahu Akbar"
(Glory be to Allah, and all praise is for Him and there is no one worth worshipping other than Allah, and He is Greater than any description).

Go back to Ruku,

recite the zikr, stand up momentarily and then do the two sajdah's (just as in the first rakat) and thereafter recite the Tashahhud (just as in the second rakat).

Tashahhud
After the second Sajdah recite the following:
   

"Ash hadu an la ilaha illal lahu wahdahu la sharika lah, wa ash hadu anna Muhammadan 'Abduhu wa Rasuluh Alla humma salli 'ala Muhammadin wa Ali Muhammad"
(I testify that there is none worth worshipping except the Almighty Allah, Who is One and has no partner, and I testify that Muhammad is His servant and messenger. O Allah! Send Your blessings on Muhammad and his progeny)

If you are doing the Dusk prayers (Maghrib) :-

( For Dusk prayers (Maghrib) Only:

Recite the Salaam as follows:
   
Assalamu 'alayka ayyuhan Nabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh
(O Prophet! Allah's peace, blessings and grace be upon you!).

Assalamu 'alayna wa 'ala 'ibadil lahis salihin
(Allah's peace be on us, those offering prayers - and upon all pious servants of Allah).

Assalamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
(Allah's peace, blessings and grace be on you believers!)

Thereafter

say (below) three times and that completes your Salāt:

"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great). )

Fourth Rakat

If you are doing the Midday (Zuhr), Afternoon prayers ('Asr) or Night ('Isha), ignore the above section (in red)

and then stand up for the fourth rakat.

Recite Tasbihat Arba'ah three times, as follows:
   
"Subhanallahi wal hamdu lillahi wa la ilaha lallahu wallahu Akbar"
(Glory be to Allah, and all praise is for Him and there is no one worth worshipping other than Allah, and He is Greater than any description).

Go back to Ruku,

recite the zikr, stand up momentarily and then do the two Sajdahs (just as in the first rakat) and thereafter recite the Tashahhud.

Salaam

After the Tashahhud, recite the Salaam as follows:
   
Assalamu 'alayka ayyuhan Nabiyyu wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh
(O Prophet! Allah's peace, blessings and grace be upon you!).

Assalamu 'alayna wa 'ala 'ibadil lahis salihin
(Allah's peace be on us, those offering prayers - and upon all pious servants of Allah).

Assalamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.
(Allah's peace, blessings and grace be on you believers!)

Thereafter

say (three times and that completes your Salāt):

"Allaho Akbar"
(Allah is Great).